These plantations will be done on the pattern of watershed management project, FSP, Social Forestry and KIDP. Under this program, plantation of mostly broadleaved species will be made on the waste land in order to meet the demand of firewood to reduce pressure on the natural forests. These areas will be identified in vicinity of forests in consultation with local communities. Under this programme an area of 130000 ha will be planted during this phase, mostly with broadleaved multipurpose fast growing and drought resistant tree species/indigenous species and suitable conifers. The completely blank designated forests and state lands will also be planted under this programme through ecologically suitable species.
For this purpose forest staff and concerned community organizations will make the area selection and choice of species jointly. Good quality planting stock will be used and 10X10 feet plant to plant spacing will be maintained after incorporating slope factor. On an average 1075 plants will be planted in one hectare.
The main responsibility of planting and maintenance of these plantations will rest with the staff of Forest Department however; the support of the local communities will be enlisted. The following process/ modality will be followed for ensuring meaningful and active participation of the stakeholders:
The size of block plantation will vary from 40 ha & above but occasionally if area has good aesthetic and promotional value or has future potential of expansion lower limit can be relaxed up to 20 ha. However plantation will also be carried out in designated Forests lands devoid of trees, but prior to take designated forests, pre-activity photos of those Forests & reasons of depletion of Forests & their causes should be mentioned. The DFO will personally testify that area had no vegetation or give its extent if available in part thereof. Similarly for ensuring benefits to small owners the preference in selection of areas will be given to community owned land or land owned by several owners.
Reclamation/rehabilitation of bad sites through soil and water conservation measures, bioengineering structures and planting of drought resistant species
Throughout the province, there are a number of areas/valleys where the land degradation has reached to a level, where most of the vegetation cover has lost and the top fertile soil has been washed away through accelerated soil erosion. These sites need immediate rehabilitation to recover their products, services and functions. These sites also include the catchment of the existing or newly constructed water structures, dams, canals etc. The main activities will include soil and water conservation structures, and planting of drought resistant trees, shrubs and grasses. This activity will extend over an area of 950 ha during current phase. The climate resilient mechanism and strategy will be adopted for conservation and management of natural resources.
Reclamation of saline and water logged areas
In central and southern parts of the province, a large number of sites have been affected by salinity and water logging which do not support any vegetative growth. In order to bring these types of sites back to their productive potential in terms of vegetation cover and productivity, a number of interventions are available including planting of suitable trees, shrubs and grass species which can survive under these conditions. This may also include the ploughing and removal of hard crust in case of saline soils and construction of drains in case of water logged areas. A total target of 1000 ha has been planned for the current phase.
Planting along roads, canals and railway tract including motorway
A vast area fit for planting is available along road, canals and railway tract, which can be efficiently utilized for timber production, fuel wood, fodder, aesthetic and shade purposes. Unlike traditional linear planting, a landscape approach will be adopted, which will lead to produce an ecosystem effect. As these areas are vulnerable to human disturbance and local grazing; therefore proper fencing will be needed. The choice of species will be according to the ecological requirements and site suitability. Under this programme, 2000 ha area will be covered in the current phase.